Literature review of electronic medical records

Received Sep 23; Accepted Aug Limitations This review does not include white papers or industry surveys, non-English papers, or those published outside the review time period. As such, the objective of this research is to identify, categorize, and analyze the existing findings in the literature on EHR implementation processes in hospitals.

The quality management system shall cover all parts and elements of a manufacturer's organisation dealing with the quality of processes, procedures and devices.

Where the importer considers or has reason to believe that the device presents a serious risk or is a falsified device, it shall also inform the competent authority of the Member State in which the importer is established. Cross-border and Interoperable electronic health record systems make confidential data more easily and rapidly accessible to a wider audience and increase the risk that personal data concerning health could be accidentally exposed or easily distributed to unauthorised parties by enabling greater access to a compilation of the personal data concerning health, from different sources, and throughout a lifetime.

Where a distributor considers or has reason to believe that a device is not in conformity with the requirements of this Regulation, it shall not make the device available on the market until it has been brought into conformity, and shall inform the manufacturer and, where applicable, the manufacturer's authorised representative, and the importer.

Eleven studies discuss who should provide access to EHR data: However, like PHR, significant social approval would have to occur, and data use agreements would have to be established. An authorised representative who terminates its mandate on the ground referred to in point h of paragraph 3 shall immediately inform the competent authority of the Member State in which it is established and, where applicable, the notified body that was involved in the conformity assessment for the device of the termination of the mandate and the reasons therefor.

In order to place a device on the market, importers shall verify that: Importers shall verify that the device is registered in the electronic system in accordance with Article The field will need to come to consensus on the length of time to store EHRs, methods to ensure the future accessibility and compatibility of archived data with yet-to-be developed retrieval systems, and how to ensure the physical and virtual security of the archives.

The requisite expertise shall be demonstrated by either of the following qualifications: Manufacturers shall establish, document, implement and maintain a system for risk management as described in Section 3 of Annex I.

Member States shall retain the right to restrict the manufacture and the use of any specific type of such devices and shall be permitted access to inspect the activities of the health institutions.

The Advantages of Electronic Medical Records

They shall inform the distributors of the device in question and, where applicable, the authorised representative and importers accordingly. The designation shall constitute the authorised representative's mandate, it shall be valid only when accepted in writing by the authorised representative and shall be effective at least for all devices of the same generic device group.

On the basis of that report, the Commission shall, if appropriate, make proposals for amendments to this Regulation. Synchronization programs for distributed storage models, however, are only useful once record standardization has occurred.

Model architectures represent more traditional takes on PHRs, including health data that is still stored on paper. Notwithstanding paragraph 3, manufacturers of products listed in Annex XVI shall comply with the relevant CS for those products.

Electronic health record

In total, 23 papers met our inclusion criteria; five were randomized controlled trials, six were posttest control studies, and 12 were one-group pretest-posttest designs. The variety of languages spoken is a problem and multilingual reporting templates for all anatomical regions are not yet available.

Manufacturers shall, upon request by a competent authority, provide it with all the information and documentation necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the device, in an official Union language determined by the Member State concerned. Therefore, one will find health information systems professionals having these particular threats in mind when discussing ways to protect the health information of patients.

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The challenge for ongoing national health record projects around the world is to take into account all the different types of EHRs and the needs and requirements of different health care professionals and consumers in the development of EHRs. A systematic review was carried out of the research dealing with the content of EHRs.

Medical Services Advisory Committee

To support intelligent and useful tools, the EMR must have a systematic internal model of the information it contains and must support the efficient capture of clinical information in a manner consistent with this model.

A further challenge is the use of international terminologies in order to achieve semantic interoperability. Changes in device design or characteristics and changes in the harmonised standards or CS by reference to which the conformity of a device is declared shall be adequately taken into account in a timely manner.

However, the concept of a centralised supranational central server raises concern about storing electronic medical records in a central location. Where, concerning aspects not covered by this Regulation, devices are subject to other Union legislation which also requires an EU declaration of conformity by the manufacturer that fulfilment of the requirements of that legislation has been demonstrated, a single EU declaration of conformity shall be drawn up in respect of all Union acts applicable to the device.

Where the system or procedure pack incorporates devices which do not bear the CE marking or where the chosen combination of devices is not compatible in view of their original intended purpose, or where the sterilisation has not been carried out in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the system or procedure pack shall be treated as a device in its own right and shall be subject to the relevant conformity assessment procedure pursuant to Article Updates of the information shall be made available to the patient via the website mentioned in point a of the first subparagraph.

The benefits and challenges of an electronic medical record: However, WHO contributes to minimum requirements definition for developing countries. The PHRs selected for evaluation offered limited functionality to the general public, with limitations in data entry, validation, and information display methods.

Implementing electronic health records in hospitals: a systematic literature review

GMP Training Package Manual and CD, The FDA Regulations on Part 11, Electronic Records and Electronic Signatures, For Pharmaceutical, Medical Device.

The Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) is an independent non-statutory committee established by the Australian Government Minister for Health in Food security and traditional foods in remote Aboriginal communities: A review of the literature (peer reviewed).

Warning: Javascript must be enabled to view this site. EHRs can improve the quality of care and reduce medical-liability risks; this review includes a discussion of the malpractice-liability implications of computerized order entry, clinical-decision.

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Literature review of electronic medical records
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Electronic Medical Records